Foundations of Government
1. Examine the foundations of democratic representative government:
  1. Greek direct democracy
  2. Roman republic
2. Trace the English roots of American democracy:
  1. a. Magna Carta
  2. b. English Bill of Rights
  3. c. Representative
  4. government –
  5. Parliament, colonial
  6. assemblies, town
  7. meetings
3. Describe the philosophical roots of American Democracy:
  1. moral and ethical ideals from Judeo-Christian shit
  2. John Locke and social contract
  3. Charles de Montesquieu and separation of powers
4. Examine the fundamental principles (e.g., equality, natural rights of man, rule of law) in the Declaration of Independence.

Structure of Government
1. Analyze why the weak central government and limited powers of the Articles of Confederation demonstrated the need for the Constitution.
2. Analyze the creation of United States Constitution
4. Describe the steps leading to the adoption of the Constitution
5. Analyze the structure, powers, and roles of the legislative branch of the United States government
6.Analyze the structure, powers, and roles of the executive branch of the United States government
7.Analyze the structure, powers, and roles of the judicial branch of the United States government, including landmark United States Supreme Court decisions
8. Analyze the structure, power, and organization of your states government as expressed in the your states Constitution:
9. Analyze the forms, structure, powers and roles of local government
10. Examine the sovereignty of tribal governments and their relationship to state and federal governments (e.g., jurisdiction, land use, water and mineral rights, gaming pacts).
11. Identify other forms of government under U.S. federal auspices (e.g., protectorates, territories, federal districts).
1st Federal Congress Project
3 Branches of U.S. Government
A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation (LOC)
A New Nation (WebQuest)
A Constitutional Timeline
Advising the President: A Simulated Cabinet Meeting (WebQuest)
AKO Titanic Trial
The American Jury
Annenberg Classroom
Argument Wars (iCivics)
Bill of Rights (Scholastic)
Bill of Rights (History for Kids)
The Bill of Rights
Birth of a Bill (WebQuest)
Branches of Government (Think Quest)
Branches of Power (iCivics)
By Popular Demand (LOC)
Charters of Freedom
Charting the Three Branches of Government (Education World)
Checks and Balances (Fact Monster)
Checks and Balances
Classroom Law Project
Common Law
Congress for Kids
Congress Link
Constitution (History for Kids)
Constitution (Congress for Kids)
Constitution of the United States
The Constitution of the United States
The Constitution for Kids
The Constitution for Kids/8-12
Constitution Scavenger Hunt
Contacting the Congress
Court Locator (US Courts)
Court Quest (iCivics)
Debate on Ratification (WebQuest)
Declaration of Independence (History)
Declaration of Independence
Democracy at Work (Scholastic)
Democracy Kids
District Courts (US Courts)
Do I Have a Right? (iCivics)
Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention (LOC)
Election of the President & Vice President: Electoral College (Ben's Guide)
Enactment of a Law (LOC)
Executive Branch
Executive Branch (Congress for Kids)
Executive Command (iCivics)
FindLaw: Lawyers
Freedom Hall
Fundamental Principles of American Government
History and Politics Out Loud
How a Bill Becomes a Law
How a Bill Becomes a Law
How a Bill Becomes a Law
How Does Government Affect Me? (PBS Kids)
I Do Solemnly Swear (LOC)
Interactive Constitution
Introduction to U.S. Government
Judicial Branch
Judicial Branch (Ben's Guide)
Judicial Branch (Congress for Kids)
Justice Teaching
Kids in the House
Landmark Cases of the U.S. Supreme Court
Latest Stories of OyezToday
LawCraft (iCivics)
Legislative Branch
Legislative Branch (Congress for Kids)
Legislative Resources for Kids (LOC)
Marbury V. Madison
Mock Trial
National Conference of State Legislatures
The New United States of America Adopted the Bill of Rights (America's Library)
NOLO: Lawyers
Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives
Open Congress
Our National Government
The People v. Jackson
Pictures of the Documents
Presidential Elections and Electoral College (LOC)
Presidential Libraries
Presidential Recording Program
Presidents of the United States
Primary Documents in American History (LOC)
Represent Me! (iCivics)
Rule of Law
State and Local Government on the Net
State Line
Study Guide
The Supreme Court (Ben's Guide)
The Supreme Court (PBS)
Supreme Court Cases (PBS)
Supreme Court of the United States
Supreme Decision (iCivics)
Teaching About Congress
Temple of Liberty: Building the Capital for a New Nation (LOC)
Thomas (LOC)
The Three Branches of Government (WebQuest)
To Make a Bill a Law (WebQuest)
United States Courts (US Courts)
United States Government (Fact Monster)
United States House of Representatives
United States Senate
Urban Sprawl
US Congress Votes Database (Washington Post)
U.S. Constitution (Surf Net Kids)
US Constitution
US Constitution Day Activities and Lesson Plans
US Government Games (Sheppard Software)
US Government Interactive Scavenger Hunt (Mr. Nussbaum)
USA Presidents
WebQuest: Dissecting the US Constitution
WebQuest: First Amendment Freedom
Weird American Laws
With an Even Hand: Brown v. Board at Fifty
The White House
White House 101
Why Should We Vote? (WebQuest)
Your State and Federal Government
Functions of Government
1. Analyze the functions of government as defined in the Preamble to the Constitution.
2. Examine how the Constitution guarantees due process of law through Constitutional mandates and Amendments.
3. Examine various sources of government funding
4. Describe the regulatory functions of government pertaining to consumer protection, environment, health, labor, transportation, and communication.
5. Describe the factors and processes that determine major domestic policies (e.g., Social Security, education, health care, parks, environmental protection).
CIA: The World Factbook
Constitution (History for Kids)
Constitution (Congress for Kids)
FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation
FBI: Kids
FCC Kids Zone
Federal Reserve Education
FDIC: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Free Public Records
H.I.P. Pocket Change (US Mint)
The National Security Archives
The Preamble (US Constitution)
Preamble to the United States Constitution (Edu Place)
Search USA/Forms
Social Security: Kids and Families
Students for the Environment EPA
Taxpayers for Common Sense
To Ban or Not To Ban (WebQuest)
Tracking the United States Congress
United States Patent and Trademark Office
The United States Social Security Administration
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Education Center
U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Department of Defense
U.S. Department of Education
U.S. Department of Treasury
U.S. Government Manual
The US Government's Official Web Portal

Rights, Responsibilities, and Roles of Citizenship
1. Analyze basic individual rights and freedoms guaranteed by Amendments and laws
2. Define citizenship according to the Fourteenth Amendment.
3. Examine the basic political, social responsibilities of citizenship
4. Demonstrate the skills and knowledge (e.g., group problem solving, public speaking, petitioning and protesting) needed to accomplish public purposes.
5. Describe the role and influence of political parties, interest groups, and mass media
270 to Win
2008 Election Lessons (Cyberbee)
Activate (iCivics)
Are You a Democrat or a Republican?
By the People (PBS)
Campaign Finance Information Center
Cast Your Vote (iCivics)
Center for American Women and Politics
Citizenship (Ben's Guide)
CNN Student News One-Sheet: Caucuses and Primaries (CNN)
Comparison of U.S. State Governments (Wikipedia)
Democratic Legislative Campaign Committee
Director of U.S. Political Parties
Electing a President for Kids
Election Lessons and Resources
Election Templates (Education World)
Election WebQuest (Education World)
Elections (Congress for Kids)
Electoral College (Social Studies for Kids)
Electoral College (Harcourts School)
Electoral College
Electoral College
Electoral College Calculator and Map Generator
Electoral Vote Calculator
Ellis Island
Ellis Island, New York
Federal Election Commission
First Amendment Center
First Amendment Schools
The First Political Parties (Youtube)
Forgotten Ellis Island
Get Ready Vote!
Get Out the Vote!
GOP: What We Believe
Green Party
Historical Election Results
How Do Caucuses Work? (How Stuff Works)
How to Become a US Citizen
If You Were President (Scholastic)
Immigration Nation (iCivics)
In Praise of the Political Parties (WebQuest)
Know Your Rights (Edu Place)
Libertarian Party
My Bill of Rights
The Other Choice: Third Parties
Our Party: Democrats
Pick a Party Project
Political Parties Rap (Youtube)
Political Parties WebQuest
Political Parties: Where Do I Belong?
Political Philosophy Quiz
Politics (USA Today)
President for the Day (PBS Kids)
Presidential Election Coverage (PBS)
President's Volunteer Service Award
Project Vote Smart
Read Clear Politics: Poll Average
Republican or Democrat?
Republicans for Environmental Protection
Responsibility Launcher (iCivics)
The Road to the White House
Rock the Vote
Step Inside the Voting Booth (PBS Kids)
Teach the First Amendment and Constitution Day
United States Presidential Elections
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
U.S. Electoral College
U.S. Presidential Elections Quiz
Vote: The Machinery of Democracy
Voting Rights
Wayback: Stand Up for Your Rights (PBS Kids)
Welcome to the Political Compass
What Do Parties Stand For? (Scholastic)
What is the Electoral College?
Winning the Vote (Smithsonian in Your Classroom)
You're the Candidate (Scholastic)

Government Systems of the World
1.Compare the United States system of politics and government to other
systems of the world (e.g., monarchies, dictatorship, theocracy, oligarchy, parliamentary, unitary, proportional elections).
2. Describe factors (e.g., trade, political tensions, sanctions, terrorism) that influence United States foreign policy.
3. Describe world governmental and non-governmental organizations (e.g., the United Nations and its agencies, NATO, the European Union, the International Red Cross).

Government Types (CIA The World Factbook)

Types of Government
Types of Governments and Leadership
United Nations
War and Terrorism
Additional Civics/Government Sites
60-Second Civics
All Things Political
Ben's Guide
Cagle Cartoons
The CATO Institute
C-SPAN Classroom
Center for Civic Education
Civics and Economics Resources
Demographic Data
Dirksen Center's Editorial Cartoon Collection
Editorial and Political Cartoons, Comic Strips
Everyday Civics/Resources
Flag Picture Gallery (US History)
Flag Timeline (US History)
Federal News Service
The First Ladies (White House)
Government Resources
Glencoe Online Social Studies Web Resources
Inaugural Speeches (Hulu)
Inside the White House (National Geographic)
The Library of Congress Research Tools (LOC)
Links to Civics Resources and Sites
The Living Room Candidates
Making Government User-Friendly
Objects from the Presidency
Online Resources (Social Studies Central)
Prints Old and New/Thomas Nast
Recovery: Tracking the Money
Social Studies Skills
US Government (About)
US Government Directory
VFW: Veterans of Foreign Wars